Extremely authentic ideas.

Championed by leading minds.

We focus on showcasing a transaction-based economy that ushers in business utility through blockchain technology delivered by the brightest business and technical minds in the space. Our stages are robustly organised to give you the tools needed to bring your business onto the blockchain.

Have a speaker in mind for our 2024 event? Suggest them here and we will reach out to the most qualified speakers.

View the lineup of our speakers for the London Blockchain Conference 2023.

Aleksandra Los
Aleksandra Los
Portfolio Manager
Bitcoin Association
Aleksandra Los

Seasoned management consultant with more than 10 years of hands-on experience in fast-paced business environment.

Alessio Pagani
Alessio Pagani
Research Director
nChain
Alessio Pagani
Alex Ball
Alex Ball
Co-Founder and Programme Director
Block Dojo
Alex Ball
Alex Matsuo
Alex Matsuo
EMEA Web3
Amazon Web Services
Alex Matsuo
Ali Beydoun
Ali Beydoun
Founder & CEO
Manufact
Ali Beydoun
Andrei Kirilenko
Andrei Kirilenko
Professor of Finance
Judge Business School, Cambridge University
Andrei Kirilenko
Angus Adams
Angus Adams
Analytics Advisor
DXS
Angus Adams

Finance professional and Chartered Accountant with full focus on making retail derivatives trading platforms efficient, honest and transparent using Web3 tech stack.

Angus Brown
Angus Brown
CEO
Minit Money
Angus Brown

Angus is the CEO of Minit Money. He used to be the CEO of Centbee, a leading global Bitcoin SV payments business and before leading Centbee, he was part of the founding team in 2000, and later became the CEO of eBucks.com.

Arsim Shillova
Arsim Shillova
Founder & CEO
Libraro
Arsim Shillova
Becky Liggero Fontana
Becky Liggero Fontana
Reporter, Producer and Host
CoinGeek
Becky Liggero Fontana

Becky joined entrepreneur and CoinGeek founder Calvin Ayre to serve as the Head On-site Reporter. She now conducts exclusive interviews with senior executives and blockchain enthusiasts for CoinGeek.

Ben McKenzie
Ben McKenzie
Actor & Author
Ben McKenzie
Bernhard Müller
Bernhard Müller
General Manager & Chairman
Centi Ltd.
Bernhard Müller

Bernhard is the Chairman and General Manager of Centi, an electronic payments company that plans to revolutionize payments in both physical and online stores by leveraging Bitcoin’s full potential.

Brayden Langley
Brayden Langley
Chief Technology Officer
Project Babbage
Brayden Langley
Brendan Lee
Brendan Lee
Founder & CEO
Elas Digital
Brendan Lee

Brendan is the founder and CEO of Elas and a training and development manager for the BSV Blockchain Association. Elas provides companies with a simple and easy way to build next-generation platforms.

Brian Sanya Mondoh
Brian Sanya Mondoh
Barrister and Attorney at Law
BlockchainLex
Brian Sanya Mondoh
Brooklyn Earick
Brooklyn Earick
Chief Marketing Officer
Rad NFTV
Brooklyn Earick

Brooklyn is a serial entrepreneur and an advocate of decentralized systems. He's also the founder and CEO of Phoodie, a social restaurant and recipe discovery app that reached #11 in Apple app store.

Bryan Daugherty
Bryan Daugherty
Global Public Policy Director
Bitcoin Association
Bryan Daugherty

Bryan is a certified digital currency, bitcoin investigator, and Global Public Policy Director. He is also the co-founder, chairman, and tech advisor for SmartLedger and the founder of Proof-of-ESG.

Charles Symmons
Charles Symmons
Co-Founder
Buzzmint
Charles Symmons

Charles is a founding partner at Buzzmint, writer, filmmaker, and producer. He has 30+ years of creative advertising experience from traditional and digital press, straddling consumer, political, and B2B.

Chris Light
Chris Light
CEO & Founder
E-Livestock Global LLC
Chris Light

Chris Light is a seasoned Executive, Serial Entrepreneur, Technologist, Innovator, Web3, AI, and Blockchain enthusiast with 25+ years of experience.

Chris Ostrowski
Chris Ostrowski
Founder and CEO
Soda Public Money
Chris Ostrowski
Christian E. Pulmano
Christian E. Pulmano
Head
Ateneo Blockchain Laboratory
Christian E. Pulmano
Christen Ager-Hanssen
Christen Ager-Hanssen
Group CEO
nChain
Christen Ager-Hanssen

Christen Ager-Hanssen is a Venture Capital & Private Equity professional with an outstanding track record in the Venture Capital Industry.

Christine Leong
Christine Leong
CIO
nChain
Christine Leong
Christopher Messina
Christopher Messina
CEO
Tanbreez Mining Greenland A/S
Christopher Messina
Claire Celdran
Claire Celdran
Reporter & Producer
CoinGeek
Claire Celdran
Commissioner Kelvin Lester K. Lee
Commissioner Kelvin Lester K. Lee
Securities and Exchange Commission
Republic of the Philippines
Commissioner Kelvin Lester K. Lee
Connor Murray
Connor Murray
CEO & Co-Founder
Britevue
Connor Murray

Connor is the CEO and co-founder of Britevue, a platform that incentivizes verified reviews and allows businesses to connect closer than ever with their customers.

Cyrille Albrecht
Cyrille Albrecht
CEO
Bitcoin Association
Cyrille Albrecht
Darren Kellenschwiler
Darren Kellenschwiler
Head of Application Development
Bitcoin Association
Darren Kellenschwiler

Darren has an insatiable appetite for learning precisely how everything works. Known for organising the London Bitcoin Meetup, and founding Baemail: the noise cancelling inbox.

Daniel Payne
Daniel Payne
Founder, International Congress of Blockchain Legal Advisors
President, Blockade United
Daniel Payne
Dr. Agata Slater
Dr. Agata Slater
Blockchain Practice Leader
IBM Consulting
Dr. Agata Slater
Dr. Craig Wright
Dr. Craig Wright
Chief Scientist
nChain
Dr. Craig Wright

Dr. Craig Wright is the inventor of Bitcoin and the author of the Bitcoin white paper. He established nChain in 2015, where he is the Chief Scientist and where his ideas have led to several thousand patent applications.

Dr. Daniel Diemers
Dr. Daniel Diemers
Partner & Co-Founder
SNGLR Group
Dr. Daniel Diemers

Daniel studied economics at the University of St. Gallen HSG and has a Ph.D. in "Virtual Communities". In 1997 he won the European Honeywell Futurist Award and his book "Virtual Triad: Cyberspace, Cyborgs and Artificial Intelligence" was published in 2002.

Dr. Holger Vogel
Dr. Holger Vogel
Independent Consultant
Dr. Holger Vogel

Dr. Vogel is a financial engineer and Avaloq developer for FR & Compliance teams, and worked two years as part of a digital asset project as an in-house consultant and analyst. He holds a PhD in Macromolecular Chemistry.

Dr. Jack Rogers
Dr. Jack Rogers
Senior Lecturer in Economics
University of Exeter Business School
Dr. Jack Rogers
Dr. Maximilian Sinan Korkmaz
Dr. Maximilian Sinan Korkmaz
Managing Director
Stabilwerk Bau and my2cents
Dr. Maximilian Sinan Korkmaz

Dr. Korkmaz is a structural engineer and author of multiple scientific articles and a technical book. He explores "better ways of construction" at Stabilwerk, utilizing the BSV's power in the sector.

Dr. Satya N. Gupta
Dr. Satya N. Gupta
Chairman
Bharat IPv6 Forum
Dr. Satya N. Gupta

Dr. Satya is an expert in NGN technologies, regulation, interconnection, and broadband, with 42 years of experience in all aspects of telecom.

E. Smitty
E. Smitty
CEO
Distromint
E. Smitty
Edwin S. Ligot
Edwin S. Ligot
Assistant Secretary for Infostructure Development and Management
DICT, Philippines
Edwin S. Ligot
Evan Freeman
Evan Freeman
Director of Education
Bitcoin Association
Evan Freeman

Evan is a technology educator and researcher focused on the Global Digital Economy and the development of a Global Public Ledger.

Farid Haque
Farid Haque
Blockchain VC
Systema Nova
Farid Haque
Greg Ward
Greg Ward
Chief Development Officer
Smart Ledger
Greg Ward
Giovanni Franzese
Giovanni Franzese
nChain Partner
Executive
Giovanni Franzese
Hannah Nicholson
Hannah Nicholson
CEO & Founder
MoveGenius
Hannah Nicholson
Houman Haddad
Houman Haddad
Head of Emerging Technologies
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP)
Houman Haddad
Hirander Misra
Hirander Misra
CEO
GMEX Group and SECDEX Exchange
Hirander Misra
Jack Davies
Jack Davies
Senior Strategy Manager
nChain
Jack Davies
Jackson Laskey
Jackson Laskey
Co-Founder & CEO
AssetLayer 
Jackson Laskey

Jackson and his co-founder, Dave, set out a goal to drive real adoption of BSV, which led them to create NFTY Jigs, an NFT platform that places the most scalable NFTs in a creator-friendly context.

Jad Wahab
Jad Wahab
Director of Technology
Bitcoin Association
Jad Wahab

Jad is the Director of Technology at the Bitcoin Association. He provides technical expertise by setting the groundwork and infrastructural foundations to help blockchain's global adoption.

James Belding
James Belding
CEO
Tokenized
James Belding

James is the co-founder and CEO of Tokenized and the creator of the award-winning Tokenized Protocol, an open-source token and smart contract system for the Bitcoin SV network.

James Marchant
James Marchant
Executive Chairman, Block Dojo
Founder, Rekord
James Marchant
Jerry David Chan
Jerry David Chan
Founder
Endymion Ltd. & FROBOTs
Jerry David Chan

Jerry is the Founder of Endymion Ltd, and FROBOTs, a Web3 foray into competitive coding, STEM education, distributed computing game.

Jessica Jaume
Jessica Jaume
Operations and Business Development Manager
Gate2Chain
Jessica Jaume
John 'Jack' Pitts
John 'Jack' Pitts
CoFounder
Structured Linguistics (SLictionary)
John 'Jack' Pitts
John Murphy
John Murphy
Senior Software Engineer
nChain
John Murphy

John Murphy is a professional IT engineer. He started programming as a young teenager at school and pursued this interest through university. In the early 00s.

Jon Southurst
Jon Southurst
Associate Editor, Asia-Pacific
CoinGeek
Jon Southurst
Jordan Kramsky
Jordan Kramsky
Solutions Architect
Amazon Web Services
Jordan Kramsky
Joseph Silvino Pagdanganan
Joseph Silvino Pagdanganan
Provincial Focal Person
Blockchain Technology Bataan, Philippines
Joseph Silvino Pagdanganan
Joshua Henslee
Joshua Henslee
Developer & Consultant
Crypto Acorns
Joshua Henslee

Joshua Henslee is a consultant, developer, writer and educator within the Bitcoin space.

Justin Pauly
Justin Pauly
President
VX Technologies
Justin Pauly

Justin is the president and co-founder of VX Technologies, a blockchain vaccination verification and administration platform built on the BSV Blockchain.

Kara Mei Herrara
Kara Mei Herrara
Provincial Focal Person
Blockchain Application in CBMS Bataan, Philippines
Kara Mei Herrara
Kenneth Braithwaite
Kenneth Braithwaite
Senior Advisor to the CEO of nChain
nChain
Kenneth Braithwaite
Kevin Healy
Kevin Healy
Content Specialist
Bitcoin Association
Kevin Healy

Kevin became interested in Ethereum in late 2016 because of programmable money potential. With the introduction of BSV and sCrypt, he realized that BSV could fulfill the programmable money promises at scale that Ethereum couldn’t.

Konstantinos Adamos
Konstantinos Adamos
Lead Legal Counsel
Revolut
Konstantinos Adamos
Kirsty Barany-Gibson
Kirsty Barany-Gibson
Access New York Project Lead
Scale Facilitation
Kirsty Barany-Gibson

Kirsty serves in the Innovation Department leading the Access New York program, US arm, to support arange of business development opportunities, and working with stakeholders to bring innovations from conceptualization to success drawing on the unique infrastructure of Scale Facilitation.

Kumaraguru Ramanujam
Kumaraguru Ramanujam
Founder & CEO
Intrasettle
Kumaraguru Ramanujam

Kumaraguru is a computer science engineer with over 15 years of experience in managing businesses driven by technology with vast experience in product development and sales.

Kurt Wuckert Jr
Kurt Wuckert Jr
Chief Bitcoin Historian
CoinGeek
Kurt Wuckert Jr

Kurt Wuckert Jr is CoinGeek’s Chief Bitcoin Historian and the founder of GorillaPool with over a decade of experience in bitcoin infrastructure, tech entrepreneurship and education and expertise on all things bitcoin.

Lars Jacob Boe
Lars Jacob Boe
Senior Partner
Bain Norway
Lars Jacob Boe
Latif Ladid
Latif Ladid
Founder & President
IPv6 Forum
Latif Ladid

A globally-recognized leader in the telecommunications and information technology world, Latif is the Chair of 5G World Alliance and the Founder and President of the IPv6 Forum.

Lavinia Osbourne
Lavinia Osbourne
Founder
Women in Blockchain Talks
Lavinia Osbourne
Liam Missin
Liam Missin
TAAL
Consultant
Liam Missin
Lin Zheming
Lin Zheming
Co-Founder & CEO
DotWallet
Lin Zheming

Lin is the co-founder and CEO of Boquan Network. He also founded the payment infrastructure provider DotWallet, BSV mining pool Mempool, and just recently founded the NFT trading platform ForeverRealm.

Lise Li
Lise Li
CEO & Founder
Keyi Tech
Lise Li

Lise has years of work experience in the Bitcoin industry. She is currently the Head of BSV Hub, China, a global industry organization that supports the BSV blockchain.

Lorien Gamaroff
Lorien Gamaroff
CEO
Centbee
Lorien Gamaroff

Lorien is the founder/ CEO of Bankymoon, co-founder/CEO of Centbee, and Bitcoin Association ambassador. He pioneered blockchain payments for utility smart metering and is Africa's top blockchain expert.

Luke Rohenaz
Luke Rohenaz
Co-Founder & CEO
TonicPow
Luke Rohenaz

Luke is the CEO of TonicPow and a software engineer with 20+ years of development experience. He is a long-time Bitcoin advocate and a regular open-source contributor to the BSV development ecosystem.

Ma. Cristina M. Garcia
Ma. Cristina M. Garcia
Provincial Vice-Governor
Province of Bataan, Philippines
Ma. Cristina M. Garcia
Marcin Dyba
Marcin Dyba
Co-Founder & CEO
4chain Studio
Marcin Dyba

Marcin is a seasoned professional with 20 years of experience in business strategy, technology and project management. He worked both for multinational corporations and start-up companies, driving business changes and digital projects.

Marcin Zarakowski
Marcin Zarakowski
Executive Committee
Bitcoin Association
Marcin Zarakowski

Marcin is an attorney-at-law in Poland specializing in IP law, IT law, data protection (CIPP/E), with a profound knowledge of various legal aspects of blockchain technology and crypto-assets.

Martin Coxall
Martin Coxall
Head of Marketing
BSV Blockchain Association
Martin Coxall

Martin is an experienced marketing professional. He came to Bitcoin Association with a strong track record of success in various digital marketing roles, ranging from B2B SaaS to B2C e-commerce.

Michael Choi
Michael Choi
Director
Panda Angel and myFabula
Michael Choi
Michael Elliott
Michael Elliott
CEO
Over-C
Michael Elliott
Michaella Pettit
Michaella Pettit
Research Director
nChain
Michaella Pettit
Michal Pawelski
Michal Pawelski
Co-Founder & CEO
4chain Studio
Michal Pawelski

Michał is a co-founder & CTO at 4chain Studio with over 15 years of experience in the technology industry.

Mohammad Jaber
Mohammad Jaber
Co-Founder & COO
Elas
Mohammad Jaber

Mohammad is the co-founder and COO of Elas, a software engineering company that solves real-world problems by providing solutions that leverage the benefits of the world’s most scalable blockchain.

Mona Tiesler
Mona Tiesler
Investment Manager
Tokentus Investment AG
Mona Tiesler

Mona is a Venture capital investor focused on investments in Web3/DLT/blockchain solutions/decentralised business models.

Nathan Cropper
Nathan Cropper
Head of Business Development
Vaionex
Nathan Cropper
Neve Taylor
Neve Taylor
Pitch and Presentation Coach
Speaker Studio
Neve Taylor
Nicholas Bierkert
Nicholas Bierkert
CEO
5thwork
Nicholas Bierkert
Nick Jones
Nick Jones
CEO & Co-Founder
Zumo
Nick Jones

Nick has worked at the cutting edge of the digital industry since 2000 when joined the UK launch team at Goto.com. He subsequently held senior positions at Yahoo! including launching Europe’s first mobile advertising solution.

Niels Van Den Bergh
Niels Van Den Bergh
CEO
mintBlue
Niels Van Den Bergh

Niels is the CEO at mintBlue, a blockchain API that allows companies to build solutions with blockchain without dealing with the complexities of the underlying technology.

Nirali Shah
Nirali Shah
Chief Administrative Officer
Qenta
Nirali Shah
 Odhran Griffin
Odhran Griffin
Systems Auditor
MGA
Odhran Griffin
Osmin Callis
Osmin Callis
Managing Director
Block Venture Studio
Osmin Callis

Osmin Callis has over 26 years’ experience in technology, with 15 years in as a technologist within Investment Banking.

Patrick Prinz
Patrick Prinz
CFA
Fairway Family Office
Patrick Prinz
Patrick Sutter
Patrick Sutter
Co-Founder & Partner
SNGLR
Patrick Sutter
Patryk Walaszczyk
Patryk Walaszczyk
Blockchain Consultant
IBM Consulting
Patryk Walaszczyk

Patryk is a Blockchain Solution Expert at IBM and has been working at IBM since 2016. He specializes in business analysis and solutions technical architecture.

Paul Rajchgod
Paul Rajchgod
Managing Director
Private Equity - Ayre Ventures
Paul Rajchgod

Paul is the Managing Director of Ayre Ventures. Prior to that, he was a technology investment banker for tech companies on private financing, IPOs, and M&A transactions.

Pawel Kuskowski
Pawel Kuskowski
Co-Founder, Coinfirm
CEO, Gatenox
Pawel Kuskowski
Peter Schiff
Peter Schiff
Chief Economist and Global Strategist
Euro Pacific Asset Management
Peter Schiff
Pieter Den Dooven
Pieter Den Dooven
CIO
Mintblue
Pieter Den Dooven
Ralph Wallace
Ralph Wallace
Program Director & IPv6 Lead
Aptive Resources
Ralph Wallace

As program director and IPv6 leader, Mr. Wallace leads a 40-person cadre achieving the IPv6 Transition under M-21-07 for a cabinet-level CFO act agency.

Ray Sharma
Ray Sharma
Founder/Partner
Extreme Venture Partners
Ray Sharma

Ray is the founder and leader of Extreme Venture Partners, Canada's top seed-stage venture fund, which has founded 100+ startups with exits to Apple, Google, Electronic Arts, and many others.

Reginald Tumusiime
Reginald Tumusiime
CEO & Founder
CapitalSavvy
Reginald Tumusiime

Reginald is also a founding member of the Blockchain Association of Uganda and the CEO and Founder of CapitalSavvy, an Africa-focused, technology-centric investment management and advisory firm.

Richard Baker
Richard Baker
CEO
Tokenovate
Richard Baker

Richard Baker is a technology entrepreneur with over 25 years of experience in corporate enterprise and startups in the technology, financial services, digital media, and telecommunications industries.

Robert Kaluza
Robert Kaluza
Co-Founder and COO
Billon
Robert Kaluza
Robert Rice
Robert Rice
Founder & CEO
Transmira
Robert Rice

Robert has over 25 years of experience as a startup executive and advisor. He is the Founder/ CEO of Transmira, Inc.—the developer of Omniscape, an XR platform seamlessly blending AR and VR together.

Robin Gounder
Robin Gounder
Co-Founder
Vaionex Corporation
Robin Gounder

Robin is the co-founder of the Vaionex Corporation, where he and his team focus on streamlining blockchain adoption with BaaS software platforms and creating multiple platforms across the ecosystem.

Roman Bieda
Roman Bieda
Head of Fraud Investigations
Coinfirm
Roman Bieda
Ryan Kavanaugh
Ryan Kavanaugh
CEO
Proxima Media
Ryan Kavanaugh
Scott O'Malia
Scott O'Malia
CEO
ISDA
Scott O'Malia
Seamus Andrew
Seamus Andrew
Managing Director
Velitor Law
Seamus Andrew

Seamus is a commercial litigator specializing in international litigation and arbitration. He is also the founder and managing partner of Velitor Law.

 Sean Griffin
Sean Griffin
Co-Founder
ObjectLayer HAS QR CODE
Sean Griffin

Sean is the Director of Communications and Corporate Development at nChain. Before working at nChain, he held roles in global leadership positions, sustainability reporting, and senior advisory.

Shawn Ryan
Shawn Ryan
Director of Corporate Relationships
Bitcoin Association
Shawn Ryan

A recognized veteran of the technology sales and distribution industry, Shawn is known for advising companies and boards on large-scale, mission-critical technology projects.

Shem Booth-Spain
Shem Booth-Spain
Co-Founder & CEO
Blarecast Systems Ltd
Shem Booth-Spain

Shem is an artist, musician, sound designer, and marketing/media expert with 12+ years of experience. He is also the founder of the Bitcoin SV Channel and the co-founder and CEO of Blarecast Systems.

Stephan Nilsson
Stephan Nilsson
CEO & Co-Founder
Unisot AS
Stephan Nilsson

Stephan has over 20 years of experience working with ERP system integrations. He is a Bitcoin Association ambassador and the co-founder and CEO of UNISOT, an enterprise blockchain service provider.

Stephanie Tower
Stephanie Tower
Business Development Lead - Philippines
nChain
Stephanie Tower
Steve Smid
Steve Smid
Chief Product Officer
TRUEWORLD
Steve Smid
Thomas Giacomo
Thomas Giacomo
Director, Utilization
Bitcoin Association
Thomas Giacomo

Thomas is the Head of Product Development at TAAL. He works with the product engineering team to develop BaaS products covering TAAL's transaction processing services, console customer portal, and more.

Tim Malik
Tim Malik
Founder
CombatIQ
Tim Malik
Todd Price
Todd Price
Curriculum Specialist
Bitcoin Association
Todd Price

Todd has a strong background in education, communicating abstract models for complex systems and has worked closely with academics to develop virtual resources and thorough assessments to ensure graduates have the required knowledge to work within a wide variety of disciplines.

Tony Mugavero
Tony Mugavero
Co-Founder & CEO
Rad NFTV
Tony Mugavero

Tony is the co-Founder and CEO of Rad, an NFT streaming platform delivering live and on-demand eSports, music, comedy, and sports entertainment from the world's biggest studios and content producers.

Torje Vingen Sunde
Torje Vingen Sunde
CFO, UNISOT
CTO, Abendum
Torje Vingen Sunde

Former military background from Officer Candidate School and student pilot trial in the Norwegian Air Force. BSc in Economics, MSc in Accounting & Auditing. Halfway through a BSc in Computer Science, including information security.

Ty Everett
Ty Everett
Founding President
Project Babbage
Ty Everett

Ty Everett is a long-time digital privacy advocate and leading blockchain pioneer. He was born and raised in Oregon, where he developed a fascination with computers and technology from a young age.

Victoria Scholar
Victoria Scholar
Financial Journalist
Victoria Scholar
Xiaohui Liu
Xiaohui Liu
Founder
sCrypt Inc.
Xiaohui Liu

Xiaohui is the founder and CEO of sCrypt Inc., a company providing smart contracting solutions on BSV. Previously, he was a Co-founder and Chief Scientist at ContentBox and Research Scientist at Facebook.

Yves Mersch
Yves Mersch
Member of the Executive Board
European Central Bank
Yves Mersch

Yves Mersch is a pioneer of the monetary union. Since the founding of the ECB and thus since the introduction of the euro, he has spent many years on the ECB Governing Council deciding on interest rates.

Zach Resnick
Zach Resnick
Managing Partner
Unbounded Capital
Zach Resnick

Zach co-founded Unbounded Capital in 2018. Unbounded Capital invests in the Bitcoin (BSV) ecosystem via early stage equity in companies building on top of Bitcoin as well as asset and derivative exposure to Bitcoin itself.

ZeMing M. Gao, JD, PhD ABD, MS/2
ZeMing M. Gao, JD, PhD ABD, MS/2
Chief Strategy Officer
Toolots Inc.
ZeMing M. Gao, JD, PhD ABD, MS/2

ZeMing is a full-stack "Company-as-a-Product" (CaaP) expert in ideation, formation, innovation, intellectual property (IP), economics, finance, business strategy, corporate structures, and operations.